Tim Johnson Having a love of automobiles that stems from his father's racing days, Tim has spent a lifetime around cars and trucks. From restoring and renovating them as well as fixing them when they break, Tim always has a tool handy. He currently resides in central Florida with his wife and 5 kids where he divides his time as mentor, devoted father, loving husband and jungle gym.

Box-end wrenches have ends that enclose the nut and have 6, 8, 12, or 16 points inside the head. A wrench with 12 points is used on either a hexagonal or a square nut; the 8- and 16-point wrenches are used on square members. Because the sides of the box are thin, these wrenches are suitable for turning nuts that are hard to reach with an open-end wrench.
Makita cordless impact wrenches deliver high torque impact power and are designed to fit impact-rated socket sets. They pack plenty of torque for a wide range of fastening and loosening tasks, and are powerful and convenient substitutes for air-powered and AC wrenches. The batteries provide long run time and quick charging for less downtime and increased productivity.
Various methods are used to attach the socket or accessory to the anvil, such as a spring-loaded pin that snaps into a matching hole in the socket, preventing the socket being removed until an object is used to depress the pin, a hog ring which holds the socket by friction or by snapping into indents machined into the socket, and a through-hole, where a pin is inserted completely through the socket and anvil, locking the socket on. Hog rings are used on most smaller tools, with through-hole used only on larger impact wrenches, typically ¾" drive or greater. Pin retainers used to be more common, but seem to be being replaced by hog rings on most tools, despite the lack of a positive lock. ¼" female hex drive is becoming increasingly popular for small impact wrenches, especially cordless electric versions, allowing them to fit standard screwdriver tips rather than sockets.
box-end wrench ring spanner A one-piece wrench with an enclosed opening that grips the faces of the bolt or nut. The recess is generally a six-point or twelve-point opening for use with nuts or bolt heads with a hexagonal shape. The twelve-point fits onto the fastening at twice as many angles, an advantage where swing is limited. Eight-point wrenches are also made for square-shaped nuts and bolt heads. Ring spanners are often double-ended and usually with offset handles to improve access to the nut or bolt. common
The Makita XWT08Z LXT High Torque is a great investment for anyone who needs to do some heavy duty work and is one of the best of its kind. The device is powered by a strong brushless motor that allows it to work harder than other competitive models while maintaining cooler core temperatures. The motor also proves to be energy efficient and can improve the battery run time by up to 50%. You’ll be able to choose from three different speed settings that can attain speeds of up to 2,200 rpm and be able to do some serious work with the power output.
When choosing your new cordless impact wrench, there are a few things you should consider. The first thing to decide is the brand. If you have other cordless tools, it’s a good idea to choose a cordless impact wrench that uses the same battery pack and charger as your other devices. It’s also a good idea to spend a little time doing a cordless impact wrench comparison. Some of the high-end models offer additional features such as adjustable torque settings, which cuts out the need to use a manual torque wrench.

Next, shoppers need to consider the source of power for their wrenches. The most common power source for impact wrenches is compressed air. This provides lower torque capacity than their electric powered counterparts. Electric impact wrenches are commonly used in automotive-repair situations, and they can be 12-, 18-, or 24-volt DC powered. Cordless impact wrenches are also available. Finally, an industrial impact wrench may use a high-speed hydraulic motor. Almost any mechanic's shop you visit will have an impact wrench or two to use, and they are more likely to be electric-corded models or air-powered models.
Inside the tool is a rotating mass. A cordless impact wrench uses batteries to generate power. The motor builds up energy using the rotation and then pushes it into an anvil that’s located at the end of the tool. This creates an enormous amount of torque, more than can be produced by any human. The mass, which is shaped like a hammer in the best cordless impact wrenches, continues to rotate, so the operator only feels a tiny amount of the impact.
Our rig combines the front wheel of a car/truck with a weighted sled like those typically seen at tractor-pulls. Although our STR TorQ-O-Matic 5000 testing rig results may not provide a number you can brag about, it does a great job at providing work that levels the playing field on these high torque cordless impact wrenches. As the impact wrench turns the rotor, the weight moves further up the ramp, providing more clamping force on the rotor via the caliper.
Torque Wrenches. A torque wrench allows you to apply a precise measure of force, or torque, to a bolt. Use these wrenches when you need to tighten bolts an exact amount, such as in engine repair. Some models have a scale that indicates the torque. Others create a clicking sound when the desired torque is reached. You can also find options with digital readouts for extra precision. 
socket spanner A hollow cylinder that fits over one end of a nut or bolt head. It may include a handle, if it does not then it is often just referred to as a socket and is usually used with various drive tools to make it a wrench or spanner such as a ratchet handle, a tee bar (sliding tommy bar) bar or a knuckle bar (single axis pivot). It generally has a six-point, eight-point or twelve-point recess, may be shallow or deep, and may have a built-in universal joint. (The photo shows both ratchet and sockets.) socket
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Wrench, also called spanner, tool, usually operated by hand, for tightening bolts and nuts. Basically, a wrench consists of a stout lever with a notch at one or both ends for gripping the bolt or nut in such a way that it can be twisted by a pull on the wrench at right angles to the axes of the lever and the bolt or nut. Some wrenches have ends with straight-sided slots that fit over the part being tightened; these tools are known as open-end wrenches and are made in various sizes to fit specific bolt and nut sizes.
crow's-foot spanner A wrench that is used for gripping the nuts on the ends of tubes. It is similar to a box-end wrench but, instead of encircling the nut completely, it has a narrow opening just wide enough to allow the wrench to fit over the tube, and thick jaws to increase the contact area with the nut. This allows for maximum contact on plumbing nuts, which are typically softer metals and therefore more prone to damage from open-ended wrenches. common
In operation, a rotating mass is accelerated by the motor, storing energy, then suddenly connected to the output shaft (the anvil), creating a high-torque impact. The hammer mechanism is designed such that after delivering the impact, the hammer is again allowed to spin freely, and does not stay locked. With this design, the only reaction force applied to the body of the tool is the motor accelerating the hammer, and thus the operator feels very little torque, even though a very high peak torque is delivered to the socket. (This is similar to a conventional hammer, where the user applies a small, constant force to swing the hammer, which generates a very large impulse when the hammer strikes an object.) The hammer design requires a certain minimum torque before the hammer is allowed to spin separately from the anvil, causing the tool to stop hammering and instead smoothly drive the fastener if only low torque is needed, rapidly installing/removing the fastener.
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